New drugs in migraine treatment and prophylaxis: telcagepant and topiramate

Lancet. 2010 Aug 21;376(9741):645-55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60323-6. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Abstract

Although the triptan drugs provide effective relief from migraine for many patients, a substantial number of affected individuals are unresponsive to these compounds, and such therapy can also lead to a range of adverse effects. Telcagepant represents a new class of antimigraine drug-the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor blockers. This compound exerts its effects by blocking receptors for the calcitonin-gene-related peptide at several sites in the trigeminal and central nervous systems, resulting in pain relief. Telcagepant does not cause vasoconstriction, a major limitation in the use of triptans. Comparisons with triptans in clinical trials for acute treatment of migraine attacks revealed clinical effects similar to those of triptans but better than those of placebo. Telcagepant might provide hope for those who have a poor response to, or are unable to use, older drugs. In patients who need prophylaxis because of frequent attacks of migraine, topiramate is a first-line drug for migraine prevention in many countries; it is generally safe and reasonably well tolerated. Data suggest that topiramate could aid reversion of chronic migraine to episodic migraine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use*
  • Azepines / adverse effects
  • Azepines / therapeutic use*
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists*
  • Fructose / adverse effects
  • Fructose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Fructose / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Imidazoles / adverse effects
  • Imidazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Migraine Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Topiramate

Substances

  • Anticonvulsants
  • Azepines
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists
  • Imidazoles
  • Topiramate
  • Fructose
  • telcagepant