Application of a homemade stent graft to the pulmonary arteries in a patient with total cavopulmonary connection

J Vasc Surg. 2010 May;51(5):1268-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2009.12.043.


Despite increasing popularity in the use of stent grafts to treat aortic diseases, stent grafts are used for pulmonary arterial lesions less frequently. In particular, to our knowledge no report has described stent graft implantation into the pulmonary arteries in patients with total cavopulmonary connection (Fontan operation). This rarity might be related to the inability of commercially available devices to conform to the complex vascular geometry in these patients. We report the successful application of a homemade stent graft, which had been designed according to a preliminary angiographic assessment, to simultaneously treat left pulmonary artery stenosis and residual shunt, without reoperative sternotomy, long after Fontan completion.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery
  • Angiography
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Catheterization / methods
  • Double Outlet Right Ventricle / diagnosis
  • Double Outlet Right Ventricle / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fontan Procedure / methods
  • Heart Bypass, Right / methods
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / therapy*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult