Occurrence of the cis-4,7,10, trans-13-22:4 fatty acid in the family Pectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia)

Lipids. 2010 May;45(5):437-44. doi: 10.1007/s11745-010-3414-3. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

Abstract

The present study aimed to elucidate the effective phylogenetic specificity of distribution of a cis-4,7,10, trans-13-22:4 (22:4(n-9)Delta13trans) among pectinids. For this purpose, we extended the analysis of membrane glycerophospholipids FA composition to 13 species of scallops, covering 11 genera and 7 tribes representatives of the three subfamilies Chlamydinae, Palliolinae and Pectininae and the subgroup Aequipecten. In species belonging to the subfamily Pectininae and the Aequipecten subgroup, 22:4(n-9)Delta13trans was found in substantial amounts, but it was absent in other species belonging to the subfamilies Chlamydinae and Palliolinae. Homologous non-methylene-interrupted (NMI) FA, also hypothesized to differ along phylogenetic lines in bivalves, were totally absent or present only in trace amounts in representatives of the Aequipecten subgroup but ranged from 0.3 to 4.5% of the total FA in Pectinidae, Chlamydinae, and Palliolinae subfamilies. The species-specific occurrence of NMI and 22:4(n-9)Delta13trans FA in membrane lipids of pectinids agrees with the most recent phylogenies based on shell morphology and molecular characteristics. We examined the potential timing of the appearance of 22:4(n-9)Delta13trans in pectinids on a geologic time scale.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry*
  • Glycerophospholipids / chemistry
  • Mollusca
  • Pectinidae / chemistry*
  • Pectinidae / classification
  • Phylogeny
  • Species Specificity

Substances

  • Fatty Acids
  • Glycerophospholipids