Culture-dependent and culture-independent characterization of microorganisms associated with Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) (L.) and dynamics of bacterial colonization in the midgut

Acta Trop. 2010 Sep;115(3):275-81. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2010.04.011. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

Abstract

In this work we show that the lumen of Aedes aegypti midgut is highly colonized by bacteria that were identified by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods. rDNA sequences obtained were compared with those from GenBank and the main bacterial genera identified were: Serratia, Klebsiella, Asaia, Bacillus, Enterococcus, Enterobacter,Kluyvera and Pantoea. All genera were identified in midgut except Enterobacter that was observed only in eggs. Asaia and Pantoea were also identified in eggs and ovary, respectively. In addition two yeast genera were observed in A. aegypti: Pichia isolated from midgut and Candida identified in midgut and ovary. The genus Serratia was dominant in all isolation assays representing 54.5% of the total of microorganisms. Thirty-nine and 24 bacterial clones were successfully obtained from midguts 24 and 48h after blood feeding (ABF), respectively. The majority of clones obtained were from Serratia sp. (48.7% and 50% for 24 and 48h ABF, respectively). Light microscopy showed that bacteria were located preferentially in the posterior midgut, around the blood meal and associated with peritrophic matrix. Scanning electron microscopy images showed a high number of bacteria in midgut during blood digestion and the peak of bacterial enumeration was reached 48h ABF, stage in which lumen was almost totally occupied by bacteria that were also interacting with epithelial microvilli. Our results show the dynamics of microbial colonization and their distribution in midgut during blood digestion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aedes / microbiology*
  • Animals
  • Bacteria / classification*
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacteria / growth & development
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification*
  • Biodiversity*
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / chemistry
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Fungi / classification*
  • Fungi / genetics
  • Fungi / growth & development
  • Fungi / isolation & purification*
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / microbiology
  • Genes, rRNA
  • Microscopy
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Fungal / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 28S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA

Substances

  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Fungal
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • RNA, Fungal
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 28S

Associated data

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