[Possibilities of preventive treatment of Alzheimer's disease: results of the 3-year open prospective comparative study on efficacy and safety of the course therapy with cerebrolysin and cavinton in elderly patients with the syndrome of mild cognitive impairment]

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2010;110(1):62-9.
[Article in Russian]


The study was conducted in 3 Russian centers (Moscow, St. Petersburg and Nizhniy Novgorod). The total sample included 110 patients whose mental state met the definition of <<mild cognitive impairment>> (MCI). Patient's status was assessed with widely used scales (MMSE, GDS, CDR etc) and a battery of neuropsychological tests. Genotyping for the APOE polymorphism was performed as well. Patients were stratified into 2 comparable groups in compliance with the specifics of therapy: 55 patients were treated with cerebrolysin and 55 - with cavinton. The superiority of cerebrolysin over cavinton in slowing down of the cognitive deficit progression and delaying the time or transition of patients to the diagnostic category of Alzheimer's disease was demonstrated. Cerebrolysin was particularly effective in MCI patients with the ApoE(+) genotype, i.e. in those with higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Adverse effects during the treatment were rare in both groups.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / complications
  • Alzheimer Disease / physiopathology
  • Alzheimer Disease / prevention & control*
  • Amino Acids / administration & dosage*
  • Cognition / drug effects
  • Cognition Disorders / complications
  • Cognition Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Cognition Disorders / physiopathology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroprotective Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Syndrome
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vinca Alkaloids / administration & dosage*


  • Amino Acids
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Vinca Alkaloids
  • cerebrolysin
  • vinpocetine