The impact of family and community violence on children's depression trajectories: examining the interactions of violence exposure, family social support, and gender

J Fam Psychol. 2010 Apr;24(2):197-207. doi: 10.1037/a0018787.

Abstract

This longitudinal study used multilevel modeling to examine the relationships between witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV), community and school violence exposure (CSVE), family social support, gender, and depression over 2 years within a sample of 100 school-aged children. We found significant between-child differences in both the initial levels of depression and the trajectories of depression; depression over time was positively associated with change in witnessing IPV and CSVE and negatively associated with change in support. Two significant 3-way interactions were found: Gender and initial support, as well as gender and initial witnessing IPV, both significantly moderated the effect of change in witnessing IPV on the children's depression over time.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Domestic Violence / psychology*
  • Domestic Violence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Support*
  • Violence*