Neutrophils roll on E-selectin in inflamed venules through interactions with cell-surface glycoconjugates. The identification of physiologic E-selectin ligands on neutrophils has been elusive. Current evidence suggests that P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), E-selectin ligand-1 (ESL-1), and CD44 encompass all glycoprotein ligands for E-selectin; that ESL-1 and CD44 use N-glycans to bind to E-selectin; and that neutrophils lacking core 2 O-glycans have partially defective interactions with E-selectin. These data imply that N-glycans on ESL-1 and CD44 and O-glycans on PSGL-1 constitute all E-selectin ligands, with neither glycan subset having a dominant role. The enzyme T-synthase transfers Gal to GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr to form the core 1 structure Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr, a precursor for core 2 and extended core 1 O-glycans that might serve as selectin ligands. Here, using mice lacking T-synthase in endothelial and hematopoietic cells, we found that E-selectin bound to CD44 and ESL-1 in lysates of T-synthase-deficient neutrophils. However, the cells exhibited markedly impaired rolling on E-selectin in vitro and in vivo, failed to activate beta2 integrins while rolling, and did not emigrate into inflamed tissues. These defects were more severe than those of neutrophils lacking PSGL-1, CD44, and the mucin CD43. Our results demonstrate that core 1-derived O-glycans are essential E-selectin ligands; that some of these O-glycans are on protein(s) other than PSGL-1, CD44, and CD43; and that PSGL-1, CD44, and ESL-1 do not constitute all glycoprotein ligands for E-selectin.