Everyday memory and working memory in adolescents with mild intellectual disability

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2010 May;115(3):207-17. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-115.3.207.

Abstract

Everyday memory and its relationship to working memory was investigated in adolescents with mild intellectual disability and compared to typically developing adolescents of the same age (CA) and younger children matched on mental age (MA). Results showed a delay on almost all memory measures for the adolescents with mild intellectual disability compared to the CA control adolescents. Compared to the MA control children, the adolescents with mild intellectual disability performed less well on a general everyday memory index. Only some significant associations were found between everyday memory and working memory for the mild intellectual disability group. These findings were interpreted to suggest that adolescents with mild intellectual disability have difficulty in making optimal use of their working memory when new or complex situations tax their abilities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Education of Intellectually Disabled
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / psychology*
  • Intelligence
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term*
  • Mental Recall*
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Reference Values