Written emotional expression during recovery from cocaine dependence: group and individual differences in craving intensity

Subst Use Misuse. 2010 Jun;45(7-8):1201-15. doi: 10.3109/10826080903474003.


We conducted a prospective, single-blind, parallel group, controlled trial to evaluate effects of written emotional expression in patients receiving intensive treatment for cocaine dependence in a residential-unit setting. Randomization to the emotional expression treatment produced changes in blood pressure and mood during writing sessions, possibly because of its ability to stimulate active coping behavior. At an initial follow-up visit, patients that had received written emotional expression reported lower values for craving intensity and were less likely to self-report use of cocaine. These results may indicate a therapeutic effect of written emotional expression during recovery from cocaine dependence.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Expressed Emotion*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Writing*