Waterpipe use predicts progression to regular cigarette smoking among Danish youth

Subst Use Misuse. 2010 Jun;45(7-8):1245-61. doi: 10.3109/10826081003682909.


Waterpipe smoking among Danish, Swedish, and German youth is increasing dramatically, indicating the emergence of a new health threat. This study assessed the association between waterpipe smoking and progression to regular cigarette smoking among Danish continuation school students during 2004-2005. All participants (N = 762) had smoked cigarettes on a nonregular basis at baseline. Among boys, waterpipe smoking frequency was predictive of being a regular cigarette smoker at follow-up eight months later. Further research should examine waterpipe smoking as a potential predictor of cigarette smoking. The study's limitations are noted.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Program Evaluation
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Water


  • Water