Dissolution enhancement of a drug exhibiting thermal and acidic decomposition characteristics by fusion processing: a comparative study of hot melt extrusion and KinetiSol dispersing

AAPS PharmSciTech. 2010 Jun;11(2):760-74. doi: 10.1208/s12249-010-9431-y. Epub 2010 May 5.


In this study, hot melt extrusion (HME) and KinetiSol Dispersing (KSD) were utilized to prepare dissolution-enhanced solid dispersions of Roche Research Compound A (ROA), a BCS class II drug. Preformulation characterization studies showed that ROA was chemically unstable at elevated temperatures and acidic pH values. Eudragit L100-55 and AQOAT LF (HPMCAS) were evaluated as carrier polymers. Dispersions were characterized for ROA recovery, crystallinity, homogeneity, and non-sink dissolution. Eudragit L100-55 dispersions prepared by HME required the use of micronized ROA and reduced residence times in order to become substantially amorphous. Compositions containing HPMCAS were also prepared by HME, but an amorphous dispersion could not be obtained. All HME compositions contained ROA-related impurities. KSD was investigated as a method to reduce the decomposition of ROA while rendering compositions amorphous. Substantially amorphous, plasticizer free compositions were processed successfully by KSD with significantly higher ROA recovery values and amorphous character than those achieved by HME. A near-infrared chemical imaging analysis was conducted on the solid dispersions as a measure of homogeneity. A statistical analysis showed similar levels of homogeneity in compositions containing Eudragit L100-55, while differences were observed in those containing HMPCAS. Non-sink dissolution analysis of all compositions showed rapid supersaturation after pH adjustment to approximately two to three times the equilibrium solubility of ROA, which was maintained for at least 24 h. The results of the study demonstrated that KSD is an effective method of forming dissolution-enhanced amorphous solid solutions in cases where HME is not a feasible technique.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Drug Compounding / methods*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry*
  • Solubility
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Water