Whole-body biodistribution and brain PET imaging with [18F]AV-45, a novel amyloid imaging agent--a pilot study

Nucl Med Biol. 2010 May;37(4):497-508. doi: 10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2010.02.003. Epub 2010 Apr 7.


Purpose: The compound (E)-4-(2-(6-(2-(2-(2-(18)F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy) pyridin-3-yl)vinyl)-N-methylbenzenamine ([(18)F]AV-45) is a novel radiopharmaceutical capable of selectively binding to beta-amyloid (A beta) plaques. This pilot study reports the safety, biodistribution, and radiation dosimetry of [(18)F]AV-45 in human subjects.

Methods: In vitro autoradiography and fluorescent staining of postmortem brain tissue from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitively healthy subjects were performed to assess the specificity of the tracer. Biodistribution was assessed in three healthy elderly subjects (mean age: 60.0+/-5.2 years) who underwent 3-h whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomographic (CT) scans after a bolus injection of 381.9+/-13.9 MBq of [(18)F]AV-45. Another six subjects (three AD patients and three healthy controls, mean age: 67.7+/-13.6 years) underwent brain PET studies. Source organs were delineated on PET/CT. All subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for obtaining structural information.

Results: In vitro autoradiography revealed exquisitely high specific binding of [(18)F]AV-45 to postmortem AD brain sections, but not to the control sections. There were no serious adverse events throughout the study period. The peak uptake of the tracer in the brain was 5.12+/-0.41% of the injected dose. The highest absorbed organ dose was to the gallbladder wall (184.7+/-78.6 microGy/MBq, 4.8 h voiding interval). The effective dose equivalent and effective dose values for [(18)F]AV-45 were 33.8+/-3.4 microSv/MBq and 19.3+/-1.3 microSv/MBq, respectively.

Conclusion: [(18)F]AV-45 binds specifically to A beta in vitro, and is a safe PET tracer for studying A beta distribution in human brain. The dosimetry is suitable for clinical and research application.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Alzheimer Disease / metabolism
  • Amyloid / metabolism*
  • Aniline Compounds / metabolism
  • Aniline Compounds / pharmacokinetics*
  • Benzothiazoles
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Ethylene Glycols / metabolism
  • Ethylene Glycols / pharmacokinetics*
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Dyes / metabolism
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Positron-Emission Tomography / methods*
  • Radiometry
  • Thiazoles / metabolism


  • Amyloid
  • Aniline Compounds
  • Benzothiazoles
  • Ethylene Glycols
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Thiazoles
  • thioflavin T
  • florbetapir