We have cloned a 1.6-kb region of chromosomal DNA from Thermoplasma acidophilum into Escherichia coli using as a probe part of the Methanococcus vannielii fus-gene. The sequence of the clone was highly homologous to part of the corresponding Methanococcus vannielii gene. By chromosome walking, a 4.7-kb EcoRI fragment containing the complete gene was isolated. Nucleotide sequencing revealed an open reading frame of 2196 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequence contains the known peptide sequence around the ADP-ribosylation site of T. acidophilum elongation factor 2, which unequivocally confirms that the fus-gene has been cloned. The amino acid sequence was compared to that of hamster and E. coli, as well as to known archaebacterial EF-2 sequences.