Long-term safety and efficacy of stenting versus coronary artery bypass grafting for unprotected left main coronary artery disease: 5-year results from the MAIN-COMPARE (Revascularization for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Stenosis: Comparison of Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty Versus Surgical Revascularization) registry

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Jul 6;56(2):117-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.04.004. Epub 2010 May 6.


Objectives: We performed the long-term follow-up of a large cohort of patients in a multicenter study receiving left main coronary artery (LMCA) revascularization.

Background: Limited information is available on long-term outcomes for patients with unprotected LMCA disease who underwent coronary stent procedure or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Methods: We evaluated 2,240 patients with unprotected LMCA disease who received coronary stents (n = 1,102; 318 with bare-metal stents and 784 with drug-eluting stents) or underwent CABG (n = 1,138) between 2000 and 2006 and for whom complete follow-up data were available for at least 3 to 9 years (median 5.2 years). The 5-year adverse outcomes (death; a composite outcome of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction [MI], or stroke; and target vessel revascularization [TVR]) were compared with the use of the inverse probability of treatment weighted method and propensity-score matching.

Results: After adjustment for differences in baseline risk factors with the inverse probability of treatment weighting, the 5-year risk of death (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.88 to 1.44, p = 0.35) and the combined risk of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke (HR: 1.07; 95% CI: 0.84 to 1.37, p = 0.59) were not significantly different for patients undergoing stenting versus CABG. The risk of TVR was significantly higher in the stenting group than in the CABG group (HR: 5.11; 95% CI: 3.52 to 7.42, p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained in comparisons of bare-metal stent with concurrent CABG and of drug-eluting stent with concurrent CABG. In further analysis with propensity-score matching, overall findings were consistent.

Conclusions: During 5-year follow-up, stenting showed similar rates of mortality and of the composite of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke but higher rates of TVR as compared with CABG for patients with unprotected LMCA disease.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Disease / therapy*
  • Drug-Eluting Stents
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome