Hepatitis B immunisation programmes in European Union, Norway and Iceland: where we were in 2009?

Vaccine. 2010 Jun 17;28(28):4470-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.04.037. Epub 2010 May 6.


In January 2009 25 European Union (EU) Member States (MSs), Norway and Iceland, participated in a survey seeking information on national hepatitis B vaccination programmes. Details of vaccination policy, schedule, population groups targeted for vaccination, programme funding, vaccine coverage and methods of monitoring of vaccine coverage were obtained. Twenty (74%) countries reported that they have a universal hepatitis B vaccination programme, in addition to immunisation of at risk groups; seven (26%) countries recommend HBV for high risk groups only (with some inter-country variation on groups considered at high risk). Among countries without universal hepatitis B vaccination programmes, the major factor for non-introduction is low disease endemicity.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • European Union / statistics & numerical data
  • Hepatitis B / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Iceland / epidemiology
  • Immunization Programs / statistics & numerical data*
  • National Health Programs / statistics & numerical data
  • Norway / epidemiology


  • Hepatitis B Vaccines