Sugar beet arabinan consists of an alpha-(1,5)-linked backbone of L-arabinosyl residues, which can be either single or double substituted with alpha-(1,2)- and/or alpha-(1,3)-linked L-arabinosyl residues. Neutral branched arabino-oligosaccharides were isolated from sugar beet arabinan by enzymatic degradation with mixtures of pure and well-defined arabinohydrolases from Chrysosporium lucknowense followed by fractionation based on size and analysis by MALDI-TOF MS and HPAEC. Using NMR analysis, two main series of branched arabino-oligosaccharides have been identified, both having an alpha-(1,5)-linked backbone of L-arabinosyl residues. One series carries single substituted alpha-(1,3)-linked L-arabinosyl residues at the backbone, whereas the other series consists of a double substituted alpha-(1,2,3,5)-linked arabinan structure within the molecule. The structures of eight such branched arabino-oligosaccharides were established.
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