Managing nematodes without methyl bromide

Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2010;48:311-28. doi: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-073009-114425.


Methyl bromide is an effective pre-plant soil fumigant used to control nematodes in many high-input, high-value crops in the United States, including vegetables, nursery plants, ornamentals, tree fruits, strawberries, and grapes. Because methyl bromide has provided a reliable return on investment for nematode control, many of these commodities have standardized their production practices based on the use of this chemical and will be negatively impacted if effective and economical alternatives are not identified. Alternative control measures based on other chemicals, genetic resistance, and cultural practices require a greater knowledge of nematode biology to achieve satisfactory results. Here, we provide an overview of nematode management practices that we believe will be relied upon heavily in U.S. high-value crop production systems in a world without methyl bromide. Included are case studies of U.S. high-value crop production systems to demonstrate how nematode management practices other than methyl bromide may be incorporated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture / methods*
  • Hydrocarbons, Brominated / pharmacology*
  • Nematode Infections / parasitology
  • Nematode Infections / prevention & control*
  • Pesticides / pharmacology*
  • Plant Diseases / parasitology
  • Plant Diseases / prevention & control*


  • Hydrocarbons, Brominated
  • Pesticides
  • methyl bromide