Preliminary evaluation of an educational model for promoting positive team attitudes and functioning among pain medicine fellows

Pain Med. 2010 Jun;11(6):841-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00856.x. Epub 2010 Apr 29.


Objective: In response to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME) new pain medicine fellowship requirement, which emphasizes multidisciplinary training strategies aimed at providing improved clinical care for pain patients, we developed a multidisciplinary team training education model for trainees in our institution's Fellowship Program in Pain Medicine. Although the biopsychosocial model guides the delivery of care by multidisciplinary pain teams, there is a gap on how to improve team attitudes and functioning within an already extensive pain medicine curriculum. The current study aimed to fill that gap by developing and incorporating an educational model that focuses on interpersonal relationships among team members and strategies for improving team performance over time.

Design, setting, participants, intervention, and outcome measures: Here, we provide a brief overview of our institution's pain medicine fellowship training program highlighting how we have included a team training component into lectures, interdisciplinary case conferences, and journal club articles that focus on topics in the ACGME pain medicine curriculum. We present data from a team attitude and functioning assessment battery administered to 11 pain medicine fellows at the outset and end of their fellowship.

Results and conclusions: Mean assessment scores increased from the beginning of the fellowship to the end of the fellowship on interdisciplinary pain team knowledge, current team skills, and attitude toward health care teams. The current study demonstrated effective ways for assessing team attitudes and functioning and including this educational component into a 1-year pain medicine curriculum. Based on our results, we will continue to teach and model effective teamwork in an effort to enhance our trainees' attitudes toward working on an interdisciplinary pain team.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Fellowships and Scholarships*
  • Humans
  • Models, Educational*
  • Pain Management
  • Pain* / physiopathology
  • Palliative Care* / methods
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching
  • Workforce