Emergency department echocardiography in the diagnosis and therapy of cardiac tamponade

J Emerg Med. Jan-Apr 1991;9(1-2):27-31. doi: 10.1016/0736-4679(91)90528-n.


A 44-year-old male presented to the emergency department in shock with jugular venous distension and upper chest cyanosis. Superior vena cava syndrome was ruled out by computed tomography (CT scan). However, a large pericardial effusion was found on CT scan and confirmed by sonography. Pericardial tamponade was diagnosed by emergency physicians and sonography-guided pericardiocentesis was performed with marked improvement in symptomatology.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiac Tamponade / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiac Tamponade / therapy
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Emergency Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Pericardiectomy / methods
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed