Ultraviolet light induces Stat3 activation in human keratinocytes and fibroblasts through reactive oxygen species and DNA damage

Exp Dermatol. 2010 Jul 1;19(7):654-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2010.01084.x. Epub 2010 Apr 20.


Stat3 is activated by the outer stressors, such as ultraviolet (UV) exposure. In this study, we investigated the Stat3 response to UV irradiation in human epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts. Results indicated that UVB and UVC differentially activate Stat3 in these cells. The UV-induced Stat3 activation was mediated by both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage, and the dominancy of ROS and DNA damage to activate Stat3 depended on the wavelength of UV. By using fibroblasts from a patient with xeroderma pigmentosum A (XP-A) and those transfected with human XPA gene, we found that UVB activates Stat3 via both ROS and DNA damage, while UVC does so mainly via DNA damage. The present data suggest that Stat3 activation in UV-exposed human skin is one of the initial events where DNA damage and ROS are involved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Damage*
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Keratinocytes / metabolism*
  • Keratinocytes / radiation effects*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor / chemistry
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor / metabolism*
  • Serine / chemistry
  • Transfection
  • Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects*
  • Up-Regulation / radiation effects
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / genetics
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / metabolism
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group A Protein / genetics
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group A Protein / metabolism


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 protein, human
  • XPA protein, human
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group A Protein
  • Serine