Diversification of Intrinsic Motoneuron Electrical Properties During Normal Development and Botulinum Toxin-Induced Muscle Paralysis in Early Postnatal Mice

J Neurophysiol. 2010 May;103(5):2833-45. doi: 10.1152/jn.00022.2010.

Abstract

During early postnatal development, between birth and postnatal days 8-11, mice start to achieve weight-bearing locomotion. In association with the progression of weight-bearing locomotion there are presumed developmental changes in the intrinsic electrical properties of spinal -motoneurons. However, these developmental changes in the properties of -motoneuron properties have not been systematically explored in mice. Here, data are presented documenting the developmental changes of selected intrinsic motoneuron electrical properties, including statistically significant changes in action potential half-width, intrinsic excitability and diversity (quantified as coefficient of variation) of rheobase current, afterhyperpolarization half-decay time, and input resistance. In various adult mammalian preparations, the maintenance of intrinsic motoneuron electrical properties is dependent on activity and/or transmission-sensitive motoneuron-muscle interactions. In this study, we show that botulinum toxin-induced muscle paralysis led to statistically significant changes in the normal development of intrinsic motoneuron electrical properties in the postnatal mouse. This suggests that muscle activity during early neonatal life contributes to the development of normal motoneuron electrical properties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Botulinum Toxins
  • Cell Membrane / physiology
  • Electric Impedance
  • Electromyography
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Mice
  • Motor Neurons / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
  • Paralysis / chemically induced
  • Paralysis / physiopathology*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques

Substances

  • Botulinum Toxins