Sphinganine-1-phosphate protects kidney and liver after hepatic ischemia and reperfusion in mice through S1P1 receptor activation

Lab Invest. 2010 Aug;90(8):1209-24. doi: 10.1038/labinvest.2010.102. Epub 2010 May 10.


Liver failure due to ischemia and reperfusion (IR) and subsequent acute kidney injury are significant clinical problems. We showed previously that liver IR selectively reduced plasma sphinganine-1-phosphate levels without affecting sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) levels. Furthermore, exogenous sphinganine-1-phosphate protected against both liver and kidney injury induced by liver IR. In this study, we elucidated the signaling mechanisms of sphinganine-1-phosphate-mediated renal and hepatic protection. A selective S1P(1) receptor antagonist blocked the hepatic and renal protective effects of sphinganine-1-phosphate, whereas a selective S1P(2) or S1P(3) receptor antagonist was without effect. Moreover, a selective S1P(1) receptor agonist, SEW-2871, provided similar degree of liver and kidney protection compared with sphinganine-1-phosphate. Furthermore, in vivo gene knockdown of S1P(1) receptors with small interfering RNA abolished the hepatic and renal protective effects of sphinganine-1-phosphate. In contrast to sphinganine-1-phosphate, S1P's hepatic protection was enhanced with an S1P(3) receptor antagonist. Inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt or pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins blocked sphinganine-1-phosphate-mediated liver and kidney protection in vivo. Taken together, our results show that sphinganine-1-phosphate provided renal and hepatic protection after liver IR injury in mice through selective activation of S1P(1) receptors and pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins with subsequent activation of ERK and Akt.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Animals
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / pharmacology
  • Ischemia
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Liver Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Lysophospholipids
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / pharmacology
  • Oxadiazoles
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid / genetics
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid / physiology*
  • Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Sphingosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Sphingosine / pharmacology
  • Thiophenes


  • Lysophospholipids
  • Oxadiazoles
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid
  • SEW2871
  • Thiophenes
  • dihydrosphingosine 1-phosphate
  • sphingosine 1-phosphate
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Sphingosine