Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease that is characterized by the defection of insulin sensitivity in such peripheral tissues as skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver. We have previously demonstrated that certain inositol derivatives stimulated glucose uptake accompanied by the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane in L6 myotubes. We investigated in this present study whether an oral intake of D-pinitol (PI) and myo-inositol (MI) would affect GLUT4 translocation in the skeletal muscle of mice. PI or MI at 1 g/kg BW administered orally to mice 30 min before a post-oral injection of glucose at 2 g/kg BW resulted in both PI and MI increasing GLUT4 translocation in the skeletal muscle and lowering the plasma glucose and insulin levels. PI and MI, therefore, have the potential to prevent diabetes mellitus by reducing the postprandial blood glucose level and stimulating GLUT4 translocation in the skeletal muscle.