Recommendations for the intra-hospital transport of critically ill patients

Crit Care. 2010;14(3):R87. doi: 10.1186/cc9018. Epub 2010 May 14.


Introduction: This study was conducted to provide Intensive Care Units and Emergency Departments with a set of practical procedures (check-lists) for managing critically-ill adult patients in order to avoid complications during intra-hospital transport (IHT).

Methods: Digital research was carried out via the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and HEALTHSTAR databases using the following key words: transferring, transport, intrahospital or intra-hospital, and critically ill patient. The reference bibliographies of each of the selected articles between 1998 and 2009 were also studied.

Results: This review focuses on the analysis and overcoming of IHT-related risks, the associated adverse events, and their nature and incidence. The suggested preventive measures are also reviewed. A check-list for quick execution of IHT is then put forward and justified.

Conclusions: Despite improvements in IHT practices, significant risks are still involved. Basic training, good clinical sense and a risk-benefit analysis are currently the only deciding factors. A critically ill patient, prepared and accompanied by an inexperienced team, is a risky combination. The development of adapted equipment and the widespread use of check-lists and proper training programmes would increase the safety of IHT and reduce the risks in the long-term. Further investigation is required in order to evaluate the protective role of such preventive measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Checklist*
  • Critical Illness*
  • Humans
  • Patient Transfer / organization & administration*
  • Patient Transfer / standards
  • Review Literature as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Management