Immobilized chemokine fields and soluble chemokine gradients cooperatively shape migration patterns of dendritic cells

Immunity. 2010 May 28;32(5):703-13. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2010.04.017. Epub 2010 May 13.


Chemokines orchestrate immune cell trafficking by eliciting either directed or random migration and by activating integrins in order to induce cell adhesion. Analyzing dendritic cell (DC) migration, we showed that these distinct cellular responses depended on the mode of chemokine presentation within tissues. The surface-immobilized form of the chemokine CCL21, the heparan sulfate-anchoring ligand of the CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7), caused random movement of DCs that was confined to the chemokine-presenting surface because it triggered integrin-mediated adhesion. Upon direct contact with CCL21, DCs truncated the anchoring residues of CCL21, thereby releasing it from the solid phase. Soluble CCL21 functionally resembles the second CCR7 ligand, CCL19, which lacks anchoring residues and forms soluble gradients. Both soluble CCR7 ligands triggered chemotactic movement, but not surface adhesion. Adhesive random migration and directional steering cooperate to produce dynamic but spatially restricted locomotion patterns closely resembling the cellular dynamics observed in secondary lymphoid organs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Movement / immunology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cells, Immobilized
  • Chemokine CCL19 / immunology
  • Chemokine CCL21 / genetics
  • Chemokine CCL21 / immunology
  • Chemokines / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells / cytology*
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Fluoroimmunoassay
  • Integrins / immunology
  • Lymph Nodes / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Receptors, CCR7 / immunology
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Reticulin / chemistry
  • Solubility
  • Surface Properties


  • Ccl19 protein, mouse
  • Chemokine CCL19
  • Chemokine CCL21
  • Chemokines
  • Integrins
  • Receptors, CCR7
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Reticulin