Background: Misoprostol has been studied intensively to produce cervical dilatation. To date, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness, safety or acceptability of this treatment for repeat intrauterine device insertions.
Study design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the consecutive use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). Women who had used their first LNG-IUS for 4 years and 3 to 9 months and opted for an immediate replacement with a second LNG-IUS received a single sublingual dose of 400 mcg misoprostol or placebo 3 h prior to the LNG-IUS insertion.
Results: The proportion of easy insertions as judged by the investigator was 93% (40/43) in subjects randomized to misoprostol and 91% (42/46) in the placebo group (p=1.0 for the difference of proportions). No or mild pain at insertion was reported by 37% and 35% of subjects in the misoprostol and placebo groups, respectively. However, adverse events related to the study drug were more common in the misoprostol group.
Conclusion: Sublingual misoprostol did not have a significant effect on the ease of insertion in subjects having a repeat insertion of the LNG-IUS.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00393198.