Exercise stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, but there are conflicting reports regarding the acute effects of exercise on circulating ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) concentrations. This investigation examined (1) the effect of a single sprint on circulating GH, ghrelin and IGF concentrations as well as a marker of IGF-I bioactivity, and (2) whether the number of muscle actions performed during a sprint influences these responses. Seven healthy men completed 3 trials in a random order. In two exercise trials they performed a single 30-s sprint on a cycle ergometer against a resistance equivalent to either 7% (FAST) or 9% (SLOW) of their body mass. In the other they rested in the laboratory (CON). Blood samples were taken pre-, immediately post-, 10 and 30 min post-exercise, and at equivalent times in the CON trial. Total ghrelin concentrations declined after the sprint and were significantly lower after 30 min of recovery than they were pre-exercise (pre-exercise vs. 30 min; FAST, 0.62 (0.19) vs. 0.49 (0.16) microg/L, P<0.001; SLOW, 0.59 (0.15) vs. 0.47 (0.13) microg/L, P<0.001). GH concentrations increased in both exercise trials and were greater in the FAST than the SLOW trial. Serum concentrations of total IGF-I, free IGF-I, total IGF-II, and IGF-I bioactivity did not change after sprinting. In conclusion, sprint exercise suppresses total ghrelin concentrations and stimulates GH release but does not alter IGF concentrations or bioactivity.
Copyright 2010 Growth Hormone Research Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.