Resveratrol regulates pathologic angiogenesis by a eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase-regulated pathway

Am J Pathol. 2010 Jul;177(1):481-92. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2010.090836. Epub 2010 May 14.

Abstract

Abnormal angiogenesis is central to the pathophysiology of diverse disease processes including cancers, ischemic and atherosclerotic heart disease, and visually debilitating eye disease. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phytoalexin that has been demonstrated to ameliorate and decelerate the aging process as well as blunt end organ damage from obesity. These effects of resveratrol are largely mediated by members of the sirtuin family of proteins. We demonstrate that resveratrol can inhibit pathological angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro by a sirtuin-independent pathway. Resveratrol inhibits the proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells by activating eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase. The active kinase in turn phosphorylates and inactivates elongation factor-2, a key mediator of ribosomal transfer and protein translation. Functional inhibition of the kinase by gene deletion in vivo or RNA as well as pharmacological inhibition in vitro is able to completely reverse the effects of resveratrol on blood vessel growth. These studies have identified a novel and critical pathway that promotes aberrant vascular proliferation and one that is amenable to modulation by pharmacological means. In addition, these results have uncovered a sirtuin-independent pathway by which resveratrol regulates angiogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenylate Kinase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology*
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Elongation Factor 2 Kinase / genetics
  • Elongation Factor 2 Kinase / metabolism*
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects*
  • Endothelial Cells / physiology
  • Endothelial Cells / radiation effects
  • Eye / blood supply
  • Eye / metabolism
  • Eye / pathology
  • Lasers
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic*
  • Resveratrol
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Sirtuin 1 / metabolism
  • Stilbenes / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Stilbenes
  • Elongation Factor 2 Kinase
  • Adenylate Kinase
  • Sirt1 protein, mouse
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Resveratrol