Incidence and prevalence of psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and reactive arthritis in the first descriptive population-based study in the Czech Republic

Scand J Rheumatol. 2010 Aug;39(4):310-7. doi: 10.3109/03009740903544212.

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the annual incidence and prevalence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and reactive arthritis (ReA) in a sample of the Czech population.

Methods: The population-based study was conducted in two regions of the Czech Republic (with a total population of 186000 inhabitants) in 2002-2003. Incident cases were registered on condition of confirming a definite diagnosis according to existing classification criteria during the study period (1 March 2002 to 1 March 2003). Prevalence was studied on the basis of identification of established diagnoses (before 1 March 2002) from registers of living patients of participating rheumatologists and other specialists. The age-standardized estimates of incidence and prevalence were calculated using the European standard population.

Results: The total annual incidence of PsA in adults aged >or= 16 years was 3.6/100000 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-7.6/100000] and the prevalence of PsA was 49.1/100000 (95% CI 39.5-60.4/100000). The annual incidence of AS in adults was 6.4/100000 (95% CI 3.3-11.3/100000) and the prevalence of AS was 94.2/100000 (95% CI 80.8-109.2/100 000). The annual incidence of ReA in adults was 9.3/100000 (95% CI 5.5-14.8/100000) and the prevalence of ReA was 91.3/100000 (95% CI 78.1-106.2/100000).

Conclusion: The annual incidence and prevalence rates of PsA, AS, and ReA in the first population-based survey in the Czech Republic compared well with data reported from other countries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthritis, Psoriatic / epidemiology*
  • Arthritis, Reactive / epidemiology*
  • Czech Republic / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / epidemiology*