Coxarthrosis and physical work load

Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991 Apr;17(2):104-9. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.1727.


A case-referent study was performed on the possible relationship between physical work loads and an increased risk of developing coxarthrosis. The cases were 239 male recipients of a hip prosthesis as a result of severe idiopathic coxarthrosis; the referents were 302 men randomly selected from the general population. The work load was assessed through an interview and a self-administered questionnaire on the men's specific work periods. Men highly exposed to dynamic or static work loads had an increased relative risk of 2.42 (95% confidence interval 1.45-4.04) for developing coxarthrosis when compared with men with low exposure. Men with high exposure to heavy lifting between the ages of 30 and 49 years had the highest relative risk, 3.31 (95% confidence interval 1.97-5.57). Long-time exposure to physical work loads seems to be a risk factor for severe coxarthrosis among men.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / etiology*
  • Posture
  • Risk Factors
  • Selection Bias
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • Work*