Anti-hypertensive drugs and left ventricular hypertrophy: a clinical update

Intern Emerg Med. 2010 Dec;5(6):469-79. doi: 10.1007/s11739-010-0405-6. Epub 2010 May 18.

Abstract

Structural remodelling of the heart, known as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), is a consequence of systemic hypertension, and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, particular attention should be paid to the identification, prevention and treatment of this condition in hypertensive patients. LVH seems to benefit from all classes of anti-hypertensive drugs; however, antagonists of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) have demonstrated an additional benefit in the inhibition and reversal of myocardial interstitial fibrosis. Nevertheless, in evaluating the degree of arterial hypertension and organ damage, many neuro-hormonal systems are involved, primarily the sympathetic nervous system, thereby explaining the use of different classes of anti-hypertensive drugs to prevent or reduce LVH. The RAAS antagonists are actually the recommended anti-hypertensive agents to prevent organ damage in hypertensive subjects or in hypertensives with evidence of LVH to reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnosis
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents