Background: Cardiogenic shock (CS) remains the most serious complication of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a frequent complication of STEMI and a well-known predictor of mortality in STEMI without CS. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of MR in STEMI patients with CS on admission.
Methods: Mitral regurgitation was assessed in 147 consecutive STEMI patients with CS on admission and treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Color Doppler of MR was graded with a 0 to 3 scale (none, n = 26; 1 = mild, n = 62; 2 = moderate, n = 40; 3 = severe, n = 19).
Results: Overall one-year mortality in the study cohort was 27%. One-year mortality was 8%, 23%, 30% and 58% for patients with no, mild, moderate and severe MR respectively (P <0.001). For each grade of MR increase, the odds for mortality increased with 71% (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.02-2.87; P = 0.043) when adjusted for age, gender, previous myocardial infarction, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%, multivessel disease and no-reflow.
Conclusions: The presence of MR on early echocardiography is an important independent predictor of one-year mortality in STEMI patients with CS on admission treated by primary PCI.