Factors affecting acceptance of complete immunization coverage of children under five years in rural Bangladesh

Salud Publica Mex. Mar-Apr 2010;52(2):134-40. doi: 10.1590/s0036-36342010000200005.


Objective: This article establishes the hypothesis that predisposing, enabling and household needs influence the complete vaccination status of children.

Material and methods: Data from the 2004 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (N= 3530) was used. The data was analyzed using descriptive and multiple logistic regression methods.

Results: Approximately 60% of the children in rural Bangladesh were fully immunized. The full vaccination rate increased with an increase in the previous birth interval and the education level of the mother. Women with the highest wealth index were significantly more likely to fully immunize their children. Distance from health facility, parity, mother's age, mass media, children's sex and tetanus toxoid injection were also significantly positively associated with full vaccination.

Conclusions: Findings reflect that, irrespective of need, only children from higher economic or educational groups can afford to be fully vaccinated in rural Bangladesh. In other words, predisposing, enabling and need factors appear to have a strong association with full immunization coverage.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bangladesh
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mothers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Rural Health
  • Young Adult