Formative research to shape HPV vaccine introduction strategies in Peru

Salud Publica Mex. May-Jun 2010;52(3):226-33. doi: 10.1590/s0036-36342010000300007.


Objective: To understand the sociocultural environment, health systems' capacities, and policy processes related to cervical cancer and HPV vaccines in order to inform HPV vaccine introduction.

Material and methods: Mixed-method formative research using qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques. Participants included girls, parents, community leaders, health and education officials, and policymakers.

Results: Respondents, including policymakers, generally supported HPV vaccine introduction, due partly to appreciation for the benefits of vaccination and the desire to prevent cancer. Community-level concerns regarding safety and quality of services will need to be addressed. The immunization system in Peru is strong and has capacity for including the HPV vaccine.

Conclusion: Formative research provides key insights to help shape an effective program for HPV vaccine introduction.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Female
  • Health Education*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Papillomavirus Infections / complications
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines*
  • Parents
  • Peru
  • Public Health
  • Qualitative Research*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology
  • Vaccination*


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines