Temporal changes of muscle injury

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2010 Jun;14(2):176-93. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1253159. Epub 2010 May 18.


Muscle injuries are common and often occur during sport or training. The sonographic and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of muscle injures help to categorize the degree of muscle injury and when the athlete can return to play. The recent advances in ultrasound technology producing images of exquisite detail allow diagnosis of muscle injury with similar accuracy as MR imaging. Muscle injury may be divided into acute and chronic pathology, with muscle strain injury the most common clinical problem presenting to sports physicians. This article reviews the MR Imaging and ultrasound appearance of muscle injuries ranging from acute to chronic injuries, as well as the appearance of normal healing and the complications that can occur from muscle strain injuries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Contusions / diagnosis
  • Contusions / diagnostic imaging
  • Contusions / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Disease Progression
  • Hematoma / diagnosis
  • Hematoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma / physiopathology
  • Hernia / diagnosis
  • Hernia / diagnostic imaging
  • Hernia / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / injuries*
  • Recurrence
  • Sprains and Strains / diagnosis
  • Sprains and Strains / diagnostic imaging
  • Sprains and Strains / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Ultrasonography / methods*
  • Wound Healing / physiology