LKB1 is a tumor suppressor protein whose loss leads to HIF1alpha-mediated activation of a proangiogenic program in intestinal polyps. LKB1 is also protein kinase regulator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling, which is essential for endothelial cell responses to tissue ischemia. To discern whether LKB1 signaling is either pro- or antiangiogenic, we investigated ischemia-induced revascularization in mice that were deficient for LKB1 in Tie2-Cre-expressing cells. Whereas homozygous deletion of LKB1 led to embryonic lethality, heterozygous LKB1-knock-out (KO) (Lkb1(flox/+);Tie2(Tg/+)) mice were viable. Unchallenged heterozygous LKB1-KO mice displayed normal capillary density, but the revascularization of hind limb following ischemic surgery was significantly impaired as evaluated by laser Doppler flow and capillary density measurements. Reduction of LKB1 in cultured endothelial cells, using either small interfering RNA or an adenovirus expressing nonfunctional kinase-dead LKB1 protein, attenuated endothelial proliferation, migration, and differentiation into network structures on Matrigel that was accompanied by diminished AMPK phosphorylation at Thr-172. Conversely, adenovirus-mediated LKB1 overexpression (Ad-LKB1) augmented network structure formation, and this was associated with elevated AMPK phosphorylation. The augmented differentiation of endothelial cells into network structures induced by Ad-LKB1 was abrogated by the co-transduction of a dominant negative mutant of AMPK. These observations suggest that the LKB1-AMPK signaling axis in endothelial cells is a positive regulator of the revascularization response to tissue ischemia.