Purpose: To assess the safety, efficacy, stability, and predictability of collagen copolymer toric phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation to correct myopia and astigmatism in eyes with keratoconus.
Setting: Fernández-Vega Ophthalmological Institute, Oviedo, Spain.
Methods: This prospective study comprised keratoconic eyes that had implantation of a toric Intraocular Collamer Lens. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, refraction, and postoperative complications were evaluated 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.
Results: Preoperatively, the mean spherical equivalent in the 30 eyes (21 patients) was -5.38 diopters (D) +/- 3.26 (SD) (range -13.50 to -0.63 D) and the mean cylinder, -3.48 +/- 1.24 D (range -1.75 to -6.00 D). At 12 months, 86.7% of the eyes were within +/-0.50 D of the attempted refraction and all eyes were within +/-1.00 D. For the astigmatic components J0 and J45, 83.3% of eyes and 86.7% of eyes, respectively, were within +/-0.50 D. The mean Snellen UDVA was 0.81 +/- 0.20 and the mean CDVA, 0.83 +/- 0.18; CDVA was 20/40 or better in 29 eyes 96.7% of eyes and 20/25 or better in 22 eyes (73.3%). No eyes lost more than 2 lines of CDVA; 29 eyes (96.7%) maintained or gained 1 or more lines. The efficacy index was 1.07 and the safety index, 1.16. There were no complications or adverse events.
Conclusions: The results confirm that toric ICL implantation is a predictable, effective procedure to correct ametropia in eyes with keratoconus. Predictability and stability were achieved early and remained fairly stable up to 12 months.
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