Be yourself, believe in yourself, and be happy: self-efficacy as a mediator between personality factors and subjective well-being

Scand J Psychol. 2011 Feb;52(1):43-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2010.00826.x.


Research has shown close connections between personality and subjective well-being (SWB), suggesting that personality traits predispose individuals to experience different levels of SWB. Moreover, numerous studies have shown that self-efficacy is related to both personality factors and SWB. Extending previous research, we show that general self-efficacy functionally connects personality factors and two components of SWB (life satisfaction and subjective happiness). Our results demonstrate the mediating role of self-efficacy in linking personality factors and SWB. Consistent with our expectations, the influence of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, and conscientiousness on life satisfaction was mediated by self-efficacy. Furthermore, self-efficacy mediated the influence of openness and conscientiousness, but not that of neuroticism and extraversion, on subjective happiness. Results highlight the importance of cognitive beliefs in functionally linking personality traits and SWB.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Happiness*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Personality*
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires