Multicenter, double-blind, randomized, intraindividual crossover comparison of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine for MR angiography of peripheral arteries

Radiology. 2010 Jun;255(3):988-1000. doi: 10.1148/radiol.10090357.

Abstract

Purpose: To prospectively compare the image quality and diagnostic performance achieved with doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine of 0.1 mmol per kilogram of body weight in patients undergoing contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography of the pelvis, thigh, and lower-leg (excluding foot) for suspected or known peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Materials and methods: Institutional review board approval was granted from each center and informed written consent was obtained from all patients. Between November 2006 and January 2008, 96 patients (62 men, 34 women; mean age, 63.7 years +/- 10.4 [standard deviation]; range, 39-86 years) underwent two identical examinations at 1.5 T by using three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo sequences and randomized 0.1-mmol/kg doses of each agent. Images were evaluated on-site for technical adequacy and quality of vessel visualization and offsite by three independent blinded readers for anatomic delineation and detection/exclusion of pathologic features. Comparative diagnostic performance was determined in 31 patients who underwent digital subtraction angiography. Data were analyzed by using the Wilcoxon signed-rank, McNemar, and Wald tests. Interreader agreement was determined by using generalized kappa statistics. Differences in quantitative contrast enhancement were assessed and a safety evaluation was performed.

Results: Ninety-two patients received both agents. Significantly better performance (P < .0001; all evaluations) with gadobenate dimeglumine was noted on-site for technical adequacy and vessel visualization quality and offsite for anatomic delineation and detection/exclusion of pathologic features. Contrast enhancement (P < or = .0001) and detection of clinically relevant disease (P < or = .0028) were significantly improved with gadobenate dimeglumine. Interreader agreement for stenosis detection and grading was good to excellent (kappa = 0.749 and 0.805, respectively). Mild adverse events were reported for four (six events) and five (eight events) patients after gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine, respectively.

Conclusion: Higher-quality vessel visualization, greater contrast enhancement, fewer technical failures, and improved diagnostic performance are obtained with gadobenate dimeglumine, relative to gadopentetate dimeglumine, when compared intraindividually at 0.1-mmol/kg doses in patients undergoing contrast-enhanced MR angiography for suspected peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Contrast Media
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Gadolinium DTPA*
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity / blood supply
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Male
  • Meglumine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Middle Aged
  • Organometallic Compounds*
  • Pelvis / blood supply
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Statistics, Nonparametric

Substances

  • Contrast Media
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • gadobenic acid
  • Meglumine
  • Gadolinium DTPA