Interneighborhood migration, race, and environmental hazards: modeling microlevel processes of environmental inequality

AJS. 2010 Jan;115(4):1110-49. doi: 10.1086/649576.


This study combines longitudinal individual-level data with neighborhood-level industrial hazard data to examine the extent and sources of environmental inequality. Results indicate that profound racial and ethnic differences in proximity to industrial pollution persist when differences in individual education, household income, and other microlevel characteristics are controlled. Examination of underlying migration patterns further reveals that black and Latino householders move into neighborhoods with significantly higher hazard levels than do comparable whites and that racial differences in proximity to neighborhood pollution are maintained more by these disparate mobility destinations than by differential effects of pollution on the decision to move.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Black or African American
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Environmental Pollution*
  • Female
  • Hazardous Substances*
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Industry
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical
  • Racial Groups*
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Social Justice*
  • Transients and Migrants*
  • United States
  • White People


  • Hazardous Substances