Transactivation by temperature-dependent p53 mutants in yeast and human cells

Cell Cycle. 2010 Jun 1;9(11):2141-8. doi: 10.4161/cc.9.11.11808. Epub 2010 Jun 1.


The p53 protein plays an important role in cancer prevention. In response to stress signals, p53 controls essential cell functions by regulating expression of its target genes. Full or partial loss of the p53 function in cancer cells usually results from mutations of the p53 gene. Some of them are temperature-dependent, allowing reactivation of the p53 function in certain temperature. These mutations can alter general transactivation ability of the p53 protein or they modify its transactivation only towards specific genes. We analyzed transactivation of several target genes by 23 temperature-dependent p53 mutants and stratified them into four functional groups. Seventeen p53 mutants exhibited temperature-dependency and discriminative character in human and yeast cells. Despite the differences of yeast and human cells, they allowed similar transactivation rates to the p53 mutants, thus providing evidence that functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast is valuable tool for assessment of the human p53 status.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Mutation*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Temperature
  • Transcriptional Activation*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*


  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53