The ulnar collateral ligament of the human elbow joint. Anatomy, function and biomechanics

J Anat. 1991 Apr;175:203-12.


The posterior portion of the ulnar collateral ligament, which arises from the posterior surface of the medial epicondyle, is taut in maximal flexion. The anterior portion, which takes its origin from the anterior and inferior surfaces of the epicondyle, contains three functional fibre bundles. One of these is taut in maximal extension, another in intermediate positions between middle position and full flexion while the third bundle is always taut and serves as a guiding bundle. Movements of the elbow joint are checked by the ligaments well before the bony processes forming the jaws of the trochlear notch lock into the corresponding fossae on the humerus.

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Elbow Joint / anatomy & histology
  • Elbow Joint / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Ligaments, Articular / anatomy & histology
  • Ligaments, Articular / physiology*