Gender and quality of life after cerebral stroke

Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2010 May;10(2):94-9. doi: 10.17305/bjbms.2010.2701.


The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of gender on recovery after cerebral stroke.It is believed that functional outcome of cerebral stroke (CS) depends on gender. Female gender is mildly negative prognostic factor in after stroke results. Two hundred and two patients who had first ischemic cerebral stroke were questioned with help of, HADS and WHOQOL-Bref questionnaires, looking for differences in recovery depending on gender. Average patients' age was 72+/-13 (ME+/-IR) years. The youngest patient had 40 years, and the oldest 92 years, and medium range was 52 years. There were 112 males and 90 females. Quality of life was equally graded by both male and female after CS (p=0.208). Male patients had significantly better results in physical (p=0.035) and psychological (p=0.020) domain of life quality. After CS, male patients had better results only in memory dimension (p=0.003). Anxiety was statistically more frequent among female patients (p=0.009). Gender did not influence frequency of metabolic syndrome in patients with CS. Quality of life after CS was better in male patients, and statistically significant difference has been shown in physical, psychological domain and memory dimension. Female patients were more anxious then male after CS.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / etiology
  • Female
  • Health Resources / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / complications
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Stroke / epidemiology*
  • Stroke / psychology*
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome