Validation of the French version of SCOFF questionnaire for screening of eating disorders among adults

World J Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Oct;11(7):888-93. doi: 10.3109/15622975.2010.483251.


Objective: The aim of this study was to translate and validate a French version of the English SCOFF questionnaire for the screening of eating disorders (ED) in a student population.

Methods: The translation and back-translation method were employed for adaptation of the French version of SCOFF (SCOFF-F). SCOFF-F paper questionnaire was given to female students attending yearly evaluation in the University Preventive Medicine Department. After completing the SCOFF-F, each student was evaluated by one ED specialist blinded to SCOFF-F results. The validated French version of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and DSM-IV criteria for ED were employed as diagnostic references.

Results: A total of 400 women were evaluated. ED were diagnosed in 37 (9.3%) of students: eight (2%) cases of anorexia nervosa (AN) and 29 (7.3%) of bulimia nervosa (BN). Diagnostic threshold was fixed at two positive answers with a sensitivity of 94.6%, a specificity of 94.8% and an area under the curve of 96.2%. Positive and negative predictive values for ED were 65 and 99%. Similar figures were obtained separately for AN and BN.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the French version of SCOFF questionnaire is accurate and reliable for the detection of women with EDs in this high-risk student population.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anorexia Nervosa / diagnosis*
  • Anorexia Nervosa / epidemiology
  • Body Mass Index
  • Bulimia Nervosa / diagnosis*
  • Bulimia Nervosa / epidemiology
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • France
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Mass Screening*
  • Obesity / diagnosis
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Students / psychology
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translating
  • Young Adult