Interaction of anthelmintic drugs with P-glycoprotein in recombinant LLC-PK1-mdr1a cells

Chem Biol Interact. 2010 Aug 5;186(3):280-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.05.013. Epub 2010 Jun 1.


Given the widespread use of formulations combining anthelmintics which are possible P-glycoprotein interfering agents, the understanding of drug interactions with efflux ABC transporters is of concern for improving anthelmintic control. We determined the ability of 14 anthelmintics from different classes to interact with abcb1a (mdr1a, P-glycoprotein, Pgp) by following the intracellular accumulation of rhodamine 123 (Rho 123), a fluorescent Pgp substrate, in LLC-PK1 cells overexpressing Pgp. The cytotoxicity of the compounds that are able to interfere with Pgp activity was evaluated in cells overexpressing Pgp and compared with parental cells using the MTS viability assay. Among all the anthelmintics used, ivermectin (IVM), triclabendazole (TCZ), triclabendazole sulfoxide (TCZ-SO), closantel (CLOS) and rafoxanide (RAF) increased the intracellular Rho 123 in Pgp overexpressing cells, while triclabendazole sulfone, albendazole, mebendazole, oxfendazole, thiabendazole, nitroxynil, levamisole, praziquantel and clorsulon failed to have any effect. The concentration needed to reach the maximal Rho 123 accumulation (E(max)) was obtained with 10 microM for IVM, 80 microM for CLOS, 40 microM for TCZ and TCZ-SO, and 80 microM for RAF. We showed that for these five drugs parental cell line was more sensitive to drug toxicity compared with Pgp recombinant cell line. Such in vitro approach constitutes a powerful tool to predict Pgp-drug interactions when formulations combining several anthelmintics are administered and may contribute to the required optimization of efficacy of anthelmintics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / genetics
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Anthelmintics / pharmacology*
  • Cell Membrane Permeability / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • LLC-PK1 Cells
  • Rhodamine 123 / analysis*
  • Rhodamine 123 / metabolism
  • Swine
  • Up-Regulation


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Anthelmintics
  • Rhodamine 123