To examine the involvement of (pro)renin receptor in the accelerated organ damage in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male SHRsp, the rats fed a high-salt diet were divided into 5 groups: a group treated with the vehicle, a group treated with 15 mg/kg/day of imidapril (ACEi), a group treated with 60 mg/kg/day of imidapril (High ACEi), a group treated with handle region peptide (HRP), and a group treated with both ACEi and HRP (ACEi+HRP). After 8 weeks, the arterial pressure was similar in the vehicle and HRP groups and decreased in the ACEi-treated groups. The renal angiotensin II content decreased similarly in the groups treated with ACEi and/or HRP. Urinary protein excretion also decreased in the ACEi, High ACEi, and HRP groups and significantly further decreased in the ACEi+HRP group. The heart weight of the ACEi+HRP group was significantly lower than that of any other groups, although the cardiac angiotensin II levels decreased similarly in the groups treated with ACEi and/or HRP. Thus, (pro)renin receptor contributes to the accelerated pathogenesis in the heart and kidneys of diabetic SHRsp.