Serum markers of cutaneous melanoma

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2010 Jun 1;2:1115-22. doi: 10.2741/e170.

Abstract

Malignant melanoma currently accounts for approximately 1%, of all cancer deaths. The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising worldwide. The treatment of early-stage melanoma consists primarily of surgical removal of the tumour. The overall 5-years survival rate for malignant melanoma is 81%. Recently, many efforts have been made to analyse the potential significance and the possible relationship of disease progression and circulating markers in malignant melanoma. Several serum biomarkers appear to hold significant potential both as prognostic indicators and as targets for future therapeutic agents. The application of these markers in clinical practice possibly holds the key to significant advances in melanoma. This review summarizes the principal characteristics of serum markers of melanoma. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (ldh), protein S-100 beta, melanoma-inhibiting activity (MIA) may correlate with melanoma progression. Tenascin-c, Hyaluronan, Laminin-1 and type VI Collagen are involved in melanoma development and extracellular matrix remodelling during melanoma progression.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • Humans
  • Melanoma / blood*
  • Skin Neoplasms / blood*

Substances

  • Biomarkers, Tumor