Signal pathway of GnRH-III inhibiting FSH-induced steroidogenesis in granulosa cells

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2010 Jun 1;2:1218-26. doi: 10.2741/e181.


Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone type 1 and type 2 have been demonstrated to inhibit follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced granulosa cell (GC) steroidogenesis. A third type of GnRH (GnRH-III) was also purified from salmon, its action on the FSH-regulated GC function, however is not clear. In the present study we demonstrated that the FSH-induced estrogen and progesterone production in cultured DES-treated GCs was significantly inhibited by GnRH-III. Furthermore, the FSH-stimulated steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and the enzymes for steroidigenesis, such as HSD3B2,aromatase and cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage were also significantly suppressed by this peptide. The inhibitory action of GnRH-III on the FSH-induced steroidogenenisis was demonstrated via Akt and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways through suppressing its own receptor expression. Further studies indicated that FSH could stimulate NR5A2 and upstream stimulatory factor (USF) activation, and their induction was significantly suppressed by the GnRH-III. Therefore, it is suggested that GnRH-III inhibiting FSH-induced steroidogenenisis in GCs might be by suppressing FSH-induced its own receptor expression via NR5A2 and USF transcriptional factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Estrogens / biosynthesis*
  • Female
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone / physiology*
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / metabolism*
  • Granulosa Cells / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Progesterone / biosynthesis*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Signal Transduction*
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism


  • Estrogens
  • gonadotropin-releasing hormone-III
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Progesterone
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid