A dose finding study of weekly and every-3-week nab-Paclitaxel followed by carboplatin as first-line therapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer

J Thorac Oncol. 2010 Jun;5(6):852-61. doi: 10.1097/jto.0b013e3181d5e39e.


Introduction: This nonrandomized study aimed to identify the optimal dose of every-3-week (q3w) and weekly nab-paclitaxel plus q3w carboplatin as first-line therapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for a phase 3 trial.

Methods: Previously untreated patients with advanced NSCLC enrolled sequentially into seven cohorts (25 patients/cohort, N = 175). Cohorts 1 to 4 and 5 to 7 received nab-paclitaxel q3w and weekly, respectively. Patients were evaluated for efficacy and safety.

Results: The most common treatment-related > or = grade 3 adverse events were neutropenia (60%), neuropathy (19%), fatigue (9%), and thrombocytopenia (29%) (no grade 4 neuropathy or fatigue). A 100 mg/m(2) weekly nab-paclitaxel produced less serious adverse events than other doses/schedules. Response rate (RR) was greater in the weekly versus q3w cohorts (47% vs. 30%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) ranged from 4.8 to 6.9 months, and overall survival (OS) ranged from 8.3 to 15.0 months (all cohorts). Patients receiving 100 mg/m(2) weekly nab-paclitaxel achieved 48% RR with 6.2 and 11.3 months of PFS and OS, respectively. In a retrospective analysis, patients with nonsquamous cell carcinoma receiving weekly nab-paclitaxel had significantly improved RR (59.4% vs. 23.5%, respectively, p = 0.003), and >2 months longer PFS and OS compared with q3w schedule. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, the q3w schedule significantly increased PFS by 3 months (p = 0.014) and OS by >2 months (no difference in RR) compared with the weekly schedule.

Conclusion: nab-Paclitaxel plus carboplatin is an effective therapy for advanced NSCLC. Based on favorable efficacy and safety profiles, a phase 3, randomized, multicenter study comparing 100 mg/m(2) weekly nab-paclitaxel plus q3w carboplatin to solvent-based paclitaxel plus carboplatin has enrolled patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
  • Albumins / administration & dosage
  • Albumins / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage*
  • Carboplatin / administration & dosage
  • Carboplatin / adverse effects
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Paclitaxel / administration & dosage
  • Paclitaxel / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
  • Albumins
  • Carboplatin
  • Paclitaxel