Background: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation which is a central process in the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of the study was twofold; first to determine whether MPV values is increased in patients with DM, and secondly to evaluate the relation between diabetic complications and MPV.
Methods: The study population included 258 patients divided into two groups. Group A composed of 158 type 2 diabetic patients with coexistent coronary artery disease (stenotic lesions of 50%) (78 women, 80 men; mean age 53.9_10.8; mean diabetes duration 13.1_6.0). One hundred subjects (48 women, 52 men; mean age 53.9_11) without type 2 diabetes with normal coronary angiographies were taken as the control group (group B). To evaluate the extension of CHD, Gensini scoring system was used.
Results: The MPV was significantly different in the patient group compared to the controls (9.79 +/- 1.5 fl vs 8.3 +/- 0.9 fl, P<0.001). The existence of CHD was associated with MPV with odds ratio (95% CI) of 2.31 (1.55-4.42, p50.001).
Conclusion: We have found that diabetic patients with coronary heart disease have significantly higher MPV values compared to control subjects without diabetes and with angiographically normal coronary arteries.